Monday, January 20, 2020
John BrownÃ¢â¬â¢s Body: An American Reggae Band Digging Roots in Farm Country The surrounding landscape yields rolling hills, beautiful gorges with waterfalls that leave your mouth gaping in awe, some of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s finest wineries, and farmland as far as the eye can see. Rooted in Ithaca, a small artsy community in upstate New YorkÃ¢â¬â¢s Finger Lakes region, comes a sound so cultural, so mystical, and so natural. Amongst a slew of great local musicians comes John BrownÃ¢â¬â¢s Body, a roots reggae sound that captivates audiences, and spills the universal message of thanks and praises. Before we can truly understand the roots of an American-based reggae band that carries a Jamaican sound and universal philosophy, we must first get to the roots of reggae music in United States from the beginning. The origins of roots sounds in the U.S. came primarily from Jamaican communities that were set up in major cities such as New York, Washington D.C., and Miami. New York City was home of the first reggae centered recording studio was established. The credit for such a landmark establishment would have to go to Lloyd Ã¢â¬ËBullwackieÃ¢â¬â¢ Barnes, a singer who recorded with Prince Buster in the early 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. The recording business started out as a partnership with Ã¢â¬ËMunchieÃ¢â¬â¢ Jackson. Its location was at 4731 White Plains Road in the Bronx. By the mid 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, Barnes was running the studio alone, using his own session band, Reckless Breed. He was also recording Jamaican singers that were local to the area, including names like Wayne Jarrett. Barnes also produced recordings of Jamaican singers visiting the states, including such artists as Sugar Minott and Horace Andy. During this same time period, Barnes was also able to record a string of dub albums as well. Bullwackie was the only U.S. studio to put out significant reggae sound prior to the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s (Barrow 1997). HC & F Studios was opened up in the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s on Long Island and was run solely by Phillip Smart who had worked in Jamaica with the great King Tubby. Smart was able to record in his studio, sounds that would eventually make it into the dancehalls of Jamaica. DirtsmanÃ¢â¬â¢s "Hot This Year" is an example of the recording that gave its origin to SmartÃ¢â¬â¢s studio on Long Island. Today, HC & F Studio is the leading reggae-recording studio in the states (Barrow 1997). More and more reggae-recording studios began to pop up including Jah Life, also making its home in the Big Apple, owned and operated by Hyman Wright and Percy Chin.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Definition of Ideology: Science of ideas, visionary speculations, and manner of thinking, characteristic of a class or individual, ideas on the basis of some economic, social or political theory or system is called Ideology. It contains those ideals, which a nation strives to accomplish in order to bring stability to its nationhood. Defining ideology, George Lewis say, Ã¢â¬Å"Ideology is a plan or program which is based upon philosophyÃ¢â¬ Ideology of Pakistan: Pakistan is an ideological state and the ideology of Pakistan is an Islamic ideology. Its basic principle being The only sovereign is Allah: Islam acted as a nation building force before the establishment of Pakistan. Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith and creed based on the Islamic principles. They should have all the resources at their disposal to enhance Islamic culture and civilization. Quaid-e-Azam said Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national entered the field of Islam. From the above statement, it is clear that Ideology of Pakistan is an Islamic one. Two Nation Concepts: The fundamental concept of Ideology is that Muslims should get a separate identity. They should have a separate state where they could live according to Islamic rules and principles, profess their religion freely and safeguard Islamic tradition. On one occasion Quaid-e-Azam said, The Muslims demand Pakistan where they can rule in accordance with their own system of life, their cultural development, their traditions and Islamic laws. Thus, this fundamental concept of Ideology led to the concept of two nations in the Sub Continent and resulted in the formation of Pakistan. Elements of Ideology of Pakistan: 1. Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophers, social customs, and literatures. They belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Therefore, Muslim nation demanded a separate homeland where they could have the freedom to practice their religion and live their lives as free individuals of an independent country. There are five principles/elements of the ideological foundation of Pakistan. 1. Islam 2. Two Nation Theory 3. Territorial Land 4. Democratic System 5. Urdu Language 1. Islam, a Nation-Building Force: Pakistan came into being on the basis of Islam. It was only Islam, which galvanized Muslims and lined them up behind Muslim League. Other factors, political and economic ones, also played some part in uniting Muslims to struggle for Pakistan but Islam was the preponderant factor as it serves as a cementing force for Muslim society and is the primary link between Muslims the world over. Everything else follows Islam. The entire struggle of the Muslims of the subcontinent was to have a state where they could freely maintain their Islamic entity. No other factor was so clear and intelligible for Muslim masses. Muslims gradually developed a national consciousness in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent; they collectively struggled for the right of self-determination and the establishment of an independent homeland to be carved out from those territories where they constituted majorities where Islam could be accepted as the ideal pattern for the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life. They eventually secured what they wanted. Hence, the historical fact which could not be denied is that the formation of the Muslim nation preceded the demand for a homeland. Pakistan itself did not give birth to any nation; on the contrary, the Muslim nation struggled for and brought Pakistan into being. Quaid-e-Azam said, We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we want a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles. Islamic ideology is not merely a matter of belief, dogma and ritual. It is a religion in the wider sense of the word. It is a way of life, a whole complex of social and moral norms entwined with theological metaphysics. The fundamental teachings of Islam are universally accepted. Belief in God, finality of prophet-hood, human rights and social justice, management of affairs through consensus, moral values of charitableness, tolerance and universal brotherhood; these are sonic of the cardinal principles enshrined by the Quran and Sunnah. The only force which keeps Muslim nation united is Islam which is the ideological foundation of Pakistan. 2. Two-Nation Theory: The Two Nation Theory was the basis of struggle for creation of Pakistan. It implies that Muslims of Subcontinent were a nation quite distinct and separate from the Hindus. They in spite of living together for centuries could not forget their individual cultures and civilization. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the first to give the wake up call and decided to prepare Muslims to fight the advertisity with similar weapons Ã¢â¬â modern education and knowledge, employed for domination. With him, his Aligarh Movement, his books and magazine Tahzibul Akhlaq, he started an awareness movement. He prepared the ground for uniting and galvanizing Muslim community of the subcontinent. His colleagues including Nawab Mohsinul Mulk and others created conditions which led to the establishment of All-India Muslim League in Dhaka in 1906, a landmark in the history of Pakistan Movement. On March 22, 1940 in his presidential address to the All-India Muslim League Lahore session, the founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah made it plain that, The Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither intermarry, nor interline together, and indeed they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. This was not a matter of mere hair-splitting but an everyday fact of life, which one cannot fail to feel in almost every sphere of human activity. This then is the crux and substance of the Two Nation Theory, which formed the basis of British India's partition in two independent Hindu and Muslim States. The Hindu majority areas of India formed India and the Muslims majority regions came together under the unique name of Pakistan. On the same premises Quaid-e-Azam dismissed the wishes of the Hindu and the British colonialists for a joint Hindu Muslim nationhood as a pipe dream. With single-minded devotion be fought against this menace and succeeded in getting the idea of a separate Muslim identity recognized. In the 28th Annual Session of the Muslim League in 1941 in Madras, Quaid-e-Azam formally declared this objective as the ideology of the Muslim League. It is this very ideology which is the second important ingredient of ideology of Pakistan. . Territorial Land: Amongst constitutes of ideology of Pakistan, land is the third important element. A piece of land was necessary for the existence, stabilization and promotion of Islamic ideology as soul requires body. Quaid-e-Azam said in his address to Punjab Muslim Students Federation in March 1941, Nothing would be achieved simply by raising slogans for nation. We are one nation and the nation cannot survive in the air, it requires an independent land to settle where it can rule and our demand is the same. However, All-India Muslim League demanded a separate homeland constituting the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority such as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India on March 23, 1940. With Jinnah's untiring efforts, indomitable will, and dauntless courage, he united the Indian Muslims under the banner of the Muslim League and carved out a homeland for them within 7 years, despite stiff opposition from the Hindu Congress and the British Government. 4. Democratic System: In an Islamic state, all the affairs are decided on the basis of Shariat (Democracy). In other words, the entire social, economic, political and the cultural affairs are operated on the basis of mutual consensus and Islamic democracy. The same system has also been referred in Surah Al-Imram, Muhammad (P. B. U. H) used to operate all the state affairs after discussing with his Sahabas (companions), when this questions rose that what would be the system of government in Pakistan, it should, no doubt, be Islamic. Islamic system of government is Islamic democracy or system of Shariat. Creation of Pakistan is the glorious example of ijma-e-ummat (national consensus). At the time of establishment of Pakistan, referendum was held in all the Muslim majority provinces to take their consent to the included in Pakistan. Sharai system of state, therefore, is the fifth ingredient of Pakistan. 5. Urdu Language: Language is not a fundamental characteristic of a nation, but still remains one of the features by which a nation may be distinguished or one of the grounds on which nationalism may be founded. In the sub-continent, Urdu was considered to be the language of Muslims and Hindi to the Hindus. During the last days of the Muslim rule, Urdu emerged as the most common language of the northwestern provinces of India. It was declared the official language, and all official records were written in this language. In 1867, some prominent Hindus started a movement in Banaras in which they demanded the replacement of Urdu with Hindi, and the Persian script with the Deva Nagri script, as the court language in the northwestern provinces. The reason for opposing Urdu was that the language was written in Persian script, which was similar to the Arabic Script, and Arabic was the language of the Quran, the Holy Book of the Muslims. The movement grew quickly and within a few months spread throughout the Hindu population of the northwestern provinces of India. This situation provoked the Muslims to come out in order to protect the importance of the Urdu language. The opposition by the Hindus towards the Urdu language made it clear to the Muslims that Hindus were not ready to tolerate the culture and traditions of the Muslims. So Muslims also began to think about establishing a political party of their own for their survival and centralizing their efforts to have their rights. Consequently, All India Muslim League was established in December 30, 1906. The Urdu-Hindi controversy completely altered Sir Syed's point of view. He had been a great advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity but after this event he put forward the Two-Nation Theory, predicting that the differences between the two groups would increase with the passage of time and the two communities would not join together in anything wholeheartedly. Maulvi Abdul Haque aptly said, Urdu is the first brick in the foundation of Pakistan. Importance of Ideology in National Life: Ideology is a motivating force for a nation, which is striving hard to bring stability and homogeneity to its nation hood. It provides the binding force to the scattered groups in a society and brings them close to each other on a common platform. Ideologies impel their adherence to follow a joint linked action for the accomplishment of their goal. Ideologies give shape to the revolutions and create new cultures and civilizations. They stress on their adherents to insist on the realization of their ideal through total transformation of society. Conclusion: The fundamental concept of the ideology of Pakistan is that Muslims are separate nation having their own culture, literature, religion and way of life. They cannot be merged in any other nation. They should be able to develop their culture and religious traditions in an Islamic State and they should be able to create a true Islamic society for themselves. Thus the ideology of Pakistan which developed through the period of Mohammad Bin Qasim and others and followed by political leaders like Quaid-e-Azam was materialized in 1947.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Metaphorically Speaking Ã¢â¬â Sonnet 73 Love is a blanket of bright and colorful flowers that covers a beautifully rolling meadow on a breezy summer day. Similar metaphorical images appear in many famous poems including Shakespeares Sonnet 73. The metaphor is the most basic device poets use to convey meanings beyond literal speech (Guth 473). Shakespeares use of metaphors in this sonnet conveys his theme of the inescapable aging process. Shakespeare establishes and extends a metaphor that illuminates the poems central meaning and compares the inevitability of old age to three different aspects of nature (Prather). Similarly all the metaphorical quatrains begin with either the phrase thou mayest in me behold or In meÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The bare branches and the abandoned church symbolize aging in that the bareness of the branches and loneliness of the church resemble the bareness and loneliness of old age. Shakespeare uses the falling leaves and the absence of singing birds in the branches in comparison with the absence of youthfulness within the human body when approaching old age. Much like the seasonal change to autumn, night descends upon the earth in the same manner. In the next metaphor Shakespeare compares the ending of life to the setting of the sun. The second quatrain reads In me thou seest the twilight of such day / As after sunset fadeth in the west / Which by and by [gradually] black night doth take away, / Deaths second self, that seals up all in rest (Shakespeare 5-8). Shakespeare describes the sun as fading in the west much like his life is fading into his old age and someday into death. The setting of the sun resembles the end of the day and Shakespeare feels he is at the point where end is nearing. Shakespeare describes the black night as gradually taking the day away much like death and old age takes life away (7). Shakespeare uses this metaphor to enhance the idea of growing old and nearing death. He speaks of Deaths second self that seals up all in rest where rest and sleep represent the end of life and when the sun has set, death is upon hi m (8). Like autumn and a sunset, Shakespeare relates aShow MoreRelatedMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words Ã |Ã 316 Pagesconcept the author borrows from the Danish linguist Louis Hjelmslev (Prolegomena to a Theory of Language, translated by Francis J. Whitfield. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1961, pp. 73-75), is a relation between a correlation in one plane . . . and a correlation in the other plane of language (73). More specifically it is mutation between the members (i.e., components) of a paradigm (p. 135), where mutation is the function existing between first-degree derivates (components) of one
Friday, December 27, 2019
The Puritan religion played a big role in the formation of early America, therefore significantly changing a lot of the authors who wrote throughout this time period, including Nathaniel Hawthorne. One of HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s most known stories is Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â a story wherein Hawthorne mixes faith and history to demonstrate humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle with sin. Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ could possibly be regarded as a Spiritual story of symbols and inevitably as a disapproval of Puritan Calvinism. This is apparent once someone considers the tale through a mixture of symbolism and an intellect of the Puritan beliefs. Hawthorne incorporates symbols and allegories all through the story Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ to exemplify the Puritan Calvinistic outlook throughout the span of the 17th century, in which sin and wickedness is all around. He portrays faithfulness as a belief and as an a individual, the forests are represented as spirited evil collapsing inward all around, with branches turning to snakes, clouds of despair, torched branches, and also a satanic spiritual union mocking biblical matters. Understanding these symbols is incredibly vital since Hawthorne hopes the reader will ponder on the various notions in holy principles which are explained as complete fact, when in all actuality the principles are the analysis of the person teaching about the religion. Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ is set in 17th century New England, and focuses on the Calvinist idea that everyone lives within a world ofShow MoreRelatedNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn Nathaniel Hawthorne s short story of Young Goodman Brown, the author uses symbolism and allegories in order to showcase the Puritan faith as well as man s conflict between good and evil. This analysis will break down the techniques that the author uses to critique the puritan society and to show the difference between how people appear to be in society and the true colors that they are hidden inside of them. There has been a lot of great authors in our time, but none more interesting thanRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen it comes to the topic of Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s Young Goodman Brown, most of us will readily agree that duplicity is a major theme in the piece, or the idea of different versions of reality. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of whether Hawthorne is implying that man is inherently evil. Whereas some are convinced that Young Goodman Brown was good until tainted by the Devil, others maintain that he was evil from the beginning and was completely aware of the evil heRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown905 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThough Nathaniel Hawthorne is an author of many great works, his short story Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ still stays relevant because it has themes and subjects that are relatable in today s world. In the story Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman Brown,Ã¢â¬ Good man Brown leaves his wife Faith, to go into the woods near Salem to have a meeting with the devil. Appearance vs. reality is shown in Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ through the plot, the character of Goody Cloyse, and the symbol of the maple staff. The characterRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWithin Nathaniel Hawthorne s short story Young Goodman Brown (p.317), Young Goodman Brown travels through a dark and mysterious forest late at night. Ignoring the pleas of his pure wife Faith, he ventures deep into the woods with many dangers around him, only to emerge in the morning a changed man with bewildered views on his own Puritan life and the Puritan community around him. At the cause for this change in mindset, the dream of an old man symbolizing the devil appears, showing him the communityRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown Essay1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman Brown,Ã¢â¬ the devil says, Ã¢â¬Å"Evil is the nature of mankindÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"YoungÃ¢â¬ 627). Since Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit and attempted to hide conceal their sin from God, humans have tried to hide their sin from others. Although ever yone sin is human nature, everyone has a different reaction to sin. While some acknowledge sin, others ignore it. In HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s other short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The MinisterÃ¢â¬â¢s Black Veil,Ã¢â¬ Father Hooper wears a black veil to represent the sin heRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown Essay1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ is a short story that is filled with symbols and mystery. Nathaniel Hawthorne provides plenty forms of symbolism for readers to digest. Hawthorne displays strong faith as the greatest virtue for a man or woman, and when the faith is compromised, one can be filled with skepticism and uncertainty towards the rest of the world. The story begins as a conventional allegory, creating the expectation that the characters will be able to consistently display the abstractions they symbolizeRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown1695 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstory, Young Goodman Brown, by Nathaniel Hawthorne is set in Puritan New England. Hawthorne uses symbolism, description, scenery, and GoodmanÃ¢â¬â¢s journey to illustrate and symbolize the battle of good versus evil. In the first scene, we see how Young Goodman Brown leaves his wife, Faith, to start on his Ã¢â¬Å"evilÃ¢â¬ journey through the woods. Though Faith asks him to stay with her, he chooses to continue on even though he knows the evilness lies ahead. As the story continues, we see how Hawthorne uses FaithRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown1492 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s short story of Young Goodman Brown, the author uses symbolism and allegories in order to showcase the Puritan faith as well as manÃ¢â¬â¢s conflict between good and evil. This analysis will breakdown the techniques that the author uses to critique the puritan society, and to show the difference between how people appear to be in society and the true colors that they are hidden inside of them. There has been a lot of great authors in our time, but none more interesting than NathanielRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown2532 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesNathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman Brown,Ã¢â¬ demonstrates how Goodman Brown leaves his wife, Faith, to do an errand within the woods with a man that is believed to be the devil. During the time period in which this took place, the 1620Ã¢â¬â¢s, many of the people from the village were practicing Puritanism. Puritanism is an intense practice of religion retrieved from Protestants, only removing its Catholic influence. When Goodman Brown entered the woods to meet the devil, he soon turned intoRead MoreNathaniel Hawthorne s Young Goodman Brown894 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesread. In Ã¢â¬Å"Young Goodman BrownÃ¢â¬ , I found several romanticism characteristics to be in this story. One being, the emphasis on feelings and emotions. Nathaniel Hawthorne writes, Ã¢â¬Å"The cry of grief, rage, and terror was yet piercing through the night, when the unhappy husband held his breath for a response.Ã¢â¬ The cry of anguish and pain are very applicable to the protagonist idea in this story. Brown also expresses feeling when he doesn t want to leave his wife Faith, but he feels that it s his role to
Thursday, December 19, 2019
The Kite Runner and King Lear Comparative Essay Families play a large role in our world. Sometimes families keep you together but at other times they can tear you apart. The subject of family is a major theme in Khaled Hosseinis extraordinary novel, The Kite Runner and ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s well-known tragedy, King Lear. In both of these writings, family is a constant theme that occurs throughout both works of literature. Family relationship is often expressed through the actions of the characters and by what they say. Although ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s well-known tragedy, King Lear, has father figures, they do not act very fatherly. Khaled HosseiniÃ¢â¬â¢s fiction novel, The Kite Runner has better father figures. This can be proven by examining the differentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Baba helps the poor and is constantly giving to his community Ã¢â¬Å"Helped me build the house in TaimaniÃ¢â¬ ¦found me a jobÃ¢â¬ ¦barely knew meÃ¢â¬ ¦like a brother to meÃ¢â¬ (Hosseini, 184). This tells one that Baba is a caring, helpful person and that Baba does not take advantage of his power. Acceptance is an important theme because it plays a huge role in both of the writings. King Lear is not fond of the fact that Cordelia does not say anything to Lear when he asks her how much she loves him. Lear disowns his favorite daughter because Lear wants Cordelia to love him the way he wants her to Ã¢â¬Å"I disclaim all my paternal careÃ¢â¬ (Shakespeare, I.i.115). Nevertheless, Cordelia loves her father according to her bond Ã¢â¬Å"I love your Majesty According to my bond, no more nor lessÃ¢â¬ (Shakespeare, I.i.94-95). This shows one that Lear is selfish and wants everything his way and he will not accept anything else. Lear also chooses his favourites between his son-in-laws and daughters Ã¢â¬Å"I thought the king had more affected the duke of Albany than CornwallÃ¢â¬ (Shakespeare, I.i.1). Kent and Gloucester discuss which son-in-law King Lear likes best. In The Kite R unner, Rahim Khan, who is BabaÃ¢â¬â¢s great friend, accepts the fact that Amir has a passion for writing poetry and stories. Moreover when Amir becomes a published novelist, he thinks of what Rahim Khan said Ã¢â¬Å"You will be a great writer, and people all over the world will read your storiesÃ¢â¬ (Hosseini, 193), Rahim Khan accepts AmirShow MoreRelatedAchieve a Level Four Performance in an Oral Exam Through the Formal Speech/the Oral Essay1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLevel Four Performance in an Oral Exam through the Formal Speech/the Oral Essay Part One Write an Effective Oral Essay/Formal Speech on a Comparative-Study Topic Ã¢â¬Å"The central idea, or thesis, is your essayÃ¢â¬â¢s life and spirit.Ã¢â¬ Sheridan Baker, The Practical Stylist Formal speeches are carefully scripted pieces of writing. A formal speech is essentially an oral essay. The conventions of the oral essay/the formal speech include the following: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Purpose To persuade, inspire
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about theDigital Innovation for Mauritius Telecom. Answer: Introduction: Current Digital Innovation Since the rebranding of all versatile and Internet administrations in April 2008 to Orange, a strong worldwide brand, there has been a quantum jump in giving clients inventive encounters and policies. Portable clients have gained entry into Mauritius telecom's Internet and television administrations and Mauritius Telecom versatile applications. Mauritius Telecom has given a full range of voice and information administrations utilizing settled line, portable and Internet stages. The current officeholder of Telecom, Mauritius Telecom has been somewhat privatized and now profits by the scale and specialized ability of France Telecom/Orange, which has a 40% enthusiasm for the administrator. Mauritius Telecom offers concurrent administrations through the use of My.T, its multiplayer-IPTV administration. Analysis and Justifications of the Solutions On embarking on its innovation projects, Mauritius Telecom encountered some problems that could have stalled the whole effort. To counter the identified problems the following innovative processes and technologies were recommended. On-line training It was obvious that trying to have everybody committed to the introduction of the innovations was a difficult task since each employee had already had his/her daily tasks. With the on-line mode, the employees can be trained on the awareness programs at their pace thus ensuring that everybody understands and appreciates the relevance of the innovations that are brought by the company. On-line learning can be defined as the asynchronous computer-based way of learning that enables the learners to study at anytime and anywhere using information and communication technology. This solution is touted to be very efficient given the context in which the innovations are being introduced at Mauritius Telecom (Nicholas Simon 2016). Groupware Software With few levels of management at Mauritius Telecom, the groupware is going to allow its employees to collaborate and communicate much more easily. This will hence enhance the decision-making capabilities of all the staff that in the end will streamline the innovation efforts of the company. Groupware can be said to be any computer-base application specifically designed to support people who work together. Being able to make sound decisions can be a critical success factor when organizations evolve in a global world (Webb 2011). Social Network In its pursuit of qualified and experienced people for the implementation of its innovations, Mauritius Telecom is projected to have a competitive advantage when having access to social networks such as LinkedIn. Today professionals use social networks such as LinkedIn to exchange their contact details, look for career opportunities and also improve their branding. Gradually those social networks have recently developed into a bank of thousands of curriculum vitae and profiles of very talented people. Furthermore, LinkedIn offers very affordable membership fees that can only be an advantage for Mauritius Telecom (Proaskis Salehi 2007). Corporate Innovations Mauritius Telecom has put resources into advances, for example, cabinet fiber and high-Speed Packet Access and has also stretched out broadband access to a settled line and versatile clients all around in Mauritius. To help basic leadership at whatever time, anyplace, the company's continuous innovation administrations and arrangements, combined with its experience and know-how, the company has now started giving organizations a one-stop answer for IP-based administrations, virtual private systems and rapid web access and application services. The organization presented the One Tariff, One Country approach, by balancing between island taxes amongst Mauritius and Rodrigues with those predominant in terrain Mauritius and the Apple iPhone 3G that was dispatched towards the end of 2008. Mauritius Telecom further experienced a few levy diminishments in 2008: a lessening of up to 41% in worldwide call duties utilizing prepaid cards of SEZAM; a diminishment of 30 pennies for each moment on global call levies using the code 020; a 20% decline in the expense of versatile to settled brought in June 2008; and a decrease of somewhere around 21% and 45%, contingent upon the post-paid rental bundle, on post-paid portable call taxes. Mauritius Telecom has been putting resources into home and business fiber Gigabit Passive Optical Network, SHDSL and ADSL advancements and is additionally now offering Telepresence and Cloud Computing arrangements (Morabito 2014). Digital Innovation after the Solutions Integrating LinkedIn with the existing procedures and processes was the easiest part of the integration effort. Attention was paid to the integration of groupware and the on-line training system with the existing software applications. In case the new applications were hosted on existing servers, Mauritius Telecom integrated the new databases with the current database. Systems integration can be defined as a way of merging the tasks of a set of subsystems, be it hardware, software, or even both so as to yield a distinct, unified structure that gratifies some need of a corporation. However, a smooth integration of LinkedIn with the recruitment procedures was done. It is a known fact that LinkedIn does not require the installation of new applications and hardware on site. Typically separate databases involve additional costs regarding the DBMS licenses apart from compatibility aspects (Lugmayr Niiranen 2004). For Mauritius Telecom, the result of the integration was a noticeable improv ement in the organizations workflow and by extension greater customer satisfaction. The company decided to purchase new servers for all its new applications. Cost-Benefit and Implementation Analysis The successful implementation of any innovation depends on a thoroughly prepared cost-benefit analysis. Indeed this exploration has presumed a critical position in the intelligence systems revolution (Franklin 2013). Cost Benefit analysis Innovations involve some intangible costs, which should not be neglected. In the case of the on-line training solution and the groupware the indirect costs can be the administrative expenses involves in purchasing that software (McQuivey Bernoff 2013). With regards to Mauritius Telecom, the direct costs are mainly the setup fees and the licenses for the on-line training solutions, the groupware and membership fees for LinkedIn. Unintended expenses are those expenditures that are used to the advantage of numerous expense objects. This expense category would include loss of employee efficiency when they would concentrate on the new technologies and neglect their routine works. Costs can be categorized as a direct cost, indirect cost and intangible cost (Bavm 2015). Implementation Analysis The plan includes preparation of conversion plan, systems testing, and installation of databases, user training and conversion to the new system. The feedback would be used to correct any identified shortcomings. An implementation plan that meets the organization objectives is crucial to any innovation venture. The application refers to all the corporation activities working toward the adopting, managing, and making a routine out of innovation. Once the tests are completed, a detailed conversion plan would outline if the new structures should be implemented as an unexpected cut over or in parallel with existing systems and processes. The next step to take is the installation of the new databases. A pilot project should be conducted to test the new technologies with a small sample of users. The final step is the handing over of the systems to the users and this step also involves providing feedback to the vendor. User practicing is a significant milestone, as the new systems will be u sed efficiently only if people are well trained (Sklar 2001). Conclusion Mauritius telecom should have started using LinkedIn to recruit better-suited employees in regards to perfection in digital innovation implementation. An operations manager is also needed to make sure digital innovation goes smoothly. However, if the company does not do this, then it is bound to loose so much. References Bavm, N. K. (2015). Personal Connections in the Digital Age (Digital Media and Society). Franklin, M. I. (2013). Digital Dilemas: Power,Resistance,and the Internet. Lugmayr, A., Niiranen, S. (2004). Digital Interactive TV and Metadata: Future Broadcast Multimedia (Signals and Communication Technology). McQuivey, J., Bernoff, J. (2013). Digital Disruption: Unleashing the Next Wave of Innovation. Morabito, V. (2014). Trends and Challenges in Digital Business Innovation. Nicholas, A., Simon, J. (2016). New Frontiers in Social Innovation Research. Proaskis, J., Salehi, M. (2007). Digital Communications (5th ed.). Sklar, B. (2001). Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications (2nd Edition). Webb, N. J. (2011). The Digital Innovation Playbook: Creating a Transformative Customer Experience.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Self Reliance Paper What is the most important line in EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Self-RelianceÃ¢â¬ ? Why? The most important line in EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Self RelianceÃ¢â¬ , is Ã¢â¬Å"Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string. Ã¢â¬ (538) In other words, Ã¢â¬Å"if you trust yourself, then you will be strengthened by your decisions and actions. Ã¢â¬ Similarly, if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t consider and are not pressured by otherÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, you will live a life solely based on what appeases you. Emerson believes that God is everywhere, present to inspire each individual. Emerson writes, Ã¢â¬Å"We lie in the lap of immense intelligence, which makes us receivers of its truth and organs of its activity. (539) We are all receiving unique inspirations, but our choice whether to accept the gift or reject it, is what makes us discomfited. Emerson argues that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s manifest plan will not come to fruition if one conforms to societal norms; there would have been Ã¢â¬Å"no invention, no hope. Ã¢â¬ (538) This implies that advances in sciences would not have been possible if scientists had not challenged conventional beliefs. For example, Copernicus will not have refuted the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s centric theory if he did not believe in his own scientific inquiries. The divine presence that illuminates every soul sanctions self-trust. As Emerson writes, Ã¢â¬Å"A man is relieved and gay when he has put his heart into work and done his best. Ã¢â¬ (539) This statement most surely means that a man who does not conform to the rules outlined by society, but instead trusts himself and follows the path God has intended him to take, will be rewarded by excellence. For example, Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates are examples of men with supreme self belief, who flouted conventional thought, dropped out of Harvard, and pursued their dreams. The world has benefited immensely from these entrepreneurs. Furthermore Emerson writes, Ã¢â¬Å"Society is a joint-stock company, in which the members agree, for the better securing of his bread to each shareholder, to surrender the liberty and culture of the eater. The virtue in most is conformity. Self-reliance is its aversion. It loves not realties and creators, but names and customs. Ã¢â¬ (538) Emerson portrays how acceptance into society would result in the repression of the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s free will and other preeminent attributes, such as the expression of original thoughts and actions. We will write a custom essay sample on Self Reliance specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Self Reliance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Self Reliance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Conformation cannot be justified because of the liberties and self- beliefs surrendered to fit in. Therefore the only justifiable means of reaching your true God-given potential in society is being self-reliant. Self-trust and self-consciousness in society are indirect variations to each other and in that the need to conform to society is no longer a problem, because the level of your self-reliance has increased, and self-consciousness decreased. Emerson defines genius. To believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men, that is genius. Ã¢â¬ (539) Man is inclined to dismiss his own inner thoughts and ideas, and yet is enthralled by what he sees in others. The belief that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own true thoughts are worthy regardless of othersÃ¢â¬â¢ genius is to trust oneself, and be self-reliant. Works Cited: Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Ã¢â¬Å"Self-Reliance. Ã¢â¬ Harper American Literature Single Volume . 3rd Edition. 1999: 536-539 Self Reliance Essay Example Self Reliance Paper The essay of Self Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson discusses the three major points of the self-contained genius, the disapproval of the world, and the value of self-worth. I really enjoyed reading this essay and I found several quotes that I found interesting and relatable. Emerson says, To believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men, Ã¢â¬ that is genius (Emerson). This quote is making a claim about knowledge. It means that what e perceive as the truth is true for every person of mankind because the truth is absolute and with no variations. This idea is Justified by this quote, Voice of the mind is to each, the highest merit which means that our inner voice, our own thought, is the ultimate source of excellence (Emerson). Here is another quote that I found particularly interesting as well, A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines (Emerson). Here, Emerson s making another claim about knowledge. He is explaining how we are affected by society. We conform to what society thinks is cool. We begin to create a false persona, a foolish consistency, which makes us ignorant and narrow-minded. We forget who we are and get caught up in nonsense, and that is exactly what society thrives off of. I agree with the first quote that I used, I find it hard to accept that people dont have a genuine perception of reality. I trust that everybody has good in them and knows the pure truth of things. We will write a custom essay sample on Self Reliance specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Self Reliance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Self Reliance specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer When I sincerely believe in something with my full heart I have no doubt that it is the complete truth of reality. Its hard to speak for other people because I dont know their thoughts, perceptions and beliefs but I still think that we all have some sort of commonality of perception within us. I strongly agree with my second quote as well. I think that every human being, especially in America has conformed to societies standards. It is almost impossible to not to get engrossed in everything thats going on around us. Now that I realize it, almost everything in my life is based on societal standards, thoughts and ideas. Although most people are conformists I think it is important to have introvert tendencies. We all need to escape the prospects of society. It is important to think for yourself and do things for yourself. I always try to stay grounded and true to myself in everything I do. Works Cited: Emerson, Ralph W. Self-Reliance. Self-Reliance. N. p. , n. d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.. Self Reliance By allielacocona